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Full text of "The War"

THE WAR. 



"LET THE RAl.iING WOHD, : i.urr OH l.,jrn." 



Vol. I. 



*¥ 



NEW-YORK URDAV, JULY 4, 1 8 i J . 



No. 2. 



THE WAR, 

IS PUBLISHED EVJ5RY 8ATURDAY MORNP . , ■ 

(FOR THE EDITOR J 

BY. S. WOOD WORTH & CO. 

JYo. 473 Peart, lute Magazine-arcet, A*. Fo. \. 
Jit S'2 /Jtfr annum, payable quarterly in advance. 

REPORT 

OF THJS COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIO 

C Concluded. J 
For the difference made between Great Britain 



the oce: is ; the o manner in which these re- 

uns have hi I into eff< et. hy seizing and 

B itli their cargoes, as 
•violated her edicts, often without 
previous warning of their danger; the impressment of 
our citizens from on board our own vessels, on the 
high si c here, and hoi 

until it suited the convenience of their Oppressors to 
deliver them up, are encroaclytx nts of that high and 
dangerous tendency which could not fail to produce 
j that pernicious cileet, nor would those be tlie only 
• consequences thafl; \ ould result from it. The British 
■ government might, for a while, be satisfied with the 
tdency thus gained over us, but its pretensions 
would soon increase. The 'si-oof, which so cymplete 
,' and disgraceful a submission to its authority would 
afford of our degeneracy, could nut fail to inspire con- 
France, by the application of the non-importation < .'] fidence that there was no limit to which its usiupa- 

ive has been aire: f (-ions and our degradations might not be carried. 



against England only, the motiv 
too often explained] and is too h ell fcnoun to reqi 
further illustration. In the commercial restrictioi I 
which the United States resorted as an evidence fi 
their sensibility, and a mild retaliation of their wro. 
they invariably placed both powers on the same fi. a 
ing, holding out to each in respect to itself, die s^.j 
accommodation, in case it accepted the condition 
1'ered, and in respect to the other, the same n 
if it refused. Had the British government confirn -: 
the arrangement, which was entered into with the L{: 
tish minister in 1809, and France maintained her 
trees, with France would the United States have : 
to resist, with the firmness belonging to their cha: 
ter, the continued violation of their rights. The c*. 
mittee do not hesitate to declare, that Fiance a u 
greatly injured the United States, and Uiat satisfactory 
reparation has not yet been made for many of th , 
injuries. Rut, that is a concern which the Un i 
Suites will look to and settle for themselves 
high character of the American people, is a suffic: 
to the world, that they will not fail to settl 



i 



Your committee, believing that the freeborn sons of 
America are worthy to enjoy the liberty which their 
fathers purchased at the price of so much blood and 
treasure, and seeing, in the measures adopted by 
Great Britain, a course commenced and persisted in 
which might lead to a loss of national character and 
independence, feel no hesitation ';i advising resistance 
by force, in which the Americans of the present day 
will prove to the enemy and to the wotid, that we have 
not only inherited that liberty which our fathers gave 
us, but also the will and poivi: * to maintain it. itely- 
ing on the patriotism of the nation, and confidently trust- 
ing that the Lord of Hosts will go with us to battle in 
a righteous cause, and crown our efforts with suc- 
cess — your committee recommend an immediate ap- 
peal to ARMS. 



AN ACT 



Mom recently the true policy of the British gove 
ment towards the United States has been complete y 
unfolded. It has been publicly declared by those in 
power that the orders in council should not be repealed 
until the French government had revoked all its inter- 
nal restraints on die British commerce, and that .the 
trade of the United States with France and her allies, 
shouid be prohibited until Great Britain was also al- 
lowed to trade with them. By this declaration it ap- 
pears, that to satisfy the pretensions of the British go- 
vernment, the United Suites must join Great Britain in 
the war with France, and prosecute the war, until 
France should be subdued, for without her subjuga- 
tion, it were in vain to presume on such a concession. 
The' hostility of the British government to these states 
has been still further disclosed. It has been made 
manifest that the United States are considered by it 
as the commercial rival of Great Britain, and that tneir 
prosperity and growth are incompatible with her wel- 
fare. When all these circumstances are taken into 
consideration, it is impossible for your committee to 
doubt the motives u hicli have governed the British 
ministry in all its measures towards the United Mates 
since the year 1805. Equally is it impossible to d oubt 
longer, the course which die United States ought to 
pursue towards Great Britain. 

From this view of the multiplied wrongs of the Bri- 
tish government since the commencement of the pre- 
sent war, it must be evident to the impartial world, 
that the contest which is now forced on the United 
States, is radically a contest for their sovereignty and 
independence. Your committee will not enlarge on 
any of the injuries, however great, which have had a 
transitory effect. They wish to call the attention of 
the House to those of a permanent nature only, which 
intrench so deeply on our most important rights, and 
wound so extensively and vitally our best interests, 
as could not fail to deprive the United States of the 
principal advantages of their revolution, if submitted 
to. The control of our commerce by Great Britain, in 
regulating at pleasure and expelling it almost from 



ig liar 



Declaring 

of Great Britain and Ireland and the de- 
pendencies thereof, and the United States of 
America and their Territories. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of 
Refirese?itatives of the United States of Ame- 
rica in Congress assembled, That WAR be, 
and the same is hereby declared to exist be- 
tween the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland and the dependencies thereof, and 
the United States of America and their terri- 
tories ; and that the president of the United 
States be, and he is hereby authorised to use 
the whole land and naval force of the United 
States to carry the same into effect, and to 
issue to private armed vessels of the United 
States commissions or letters of marque and 
o-eneral reprisal, in such form as he shall think 
proper, and under the seal of the United 
States, against the vessels, goods, and effects 
of the government of the same United King- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the 
subjects thereof. 

June 18, 1812. 
approved. JAMES MADISON. 



The declaration of War was announced on 
the day . ftei its passage by Proclamation of 
which the.'bllowing is a copy: 

THE PRESIDENT 

OF THE 

UNH .0 STATES OF AMERICA. 

PROCLAMATION. 

WH > the Congress of the United 

Stales, ! virtue of the constituted authority 
Tested i them, have decided by their act, 
bearing , ;.<s the eighteenth day of the present 
month, w -t War exists between the United 
Kingddr ol'Great Britain and Ireland, and 
dependf cs thereof, and the United States of 
Amen heir territories-: Now therefore, 

I, JAMV ' MADISON, President of the Uni- 
ted Stat 'jf America, do hereby proclaim the 
same it il whom il may concern : and I 
speciali. enjoin on all persons holding offices, 
civil oi- j. iiitaty, under the authority of the 
United-' .ues, that they be vigilant and zeal- 
ous in' . charging the duties respectively 
incident hereto: And I do moreover exhort 
all the ( )( d people of the United States, as 
they 1o-t- their country ; as they value 
preciou heritage derived from the virtue and 
valorjr heir fathers; as they feel the wrongs 
which i ve forced on them the last resort of 
injures , lations ; and as they consult the Lest 
mean -jr.idcr the blessings of Divine Pi 

j ; i.s ralin,iiti«f j,,thit, «*»?';, 

rooting concord, in maintaining the autlu 
and the efficacy of the laws, and in Supporting 
and invigorating all the measures which ms y 
be adopted by the constituted authorities, for 
obtaining a speedy, a just, and an honorable 
peace. 

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I hr.VC hcre- 

unto set my ban':',, and caused the seal 

of the United States to be affixed to 

these presents. 
(seal.) 

DONE at the City of W il ingti n, the 

nineteenth day of June, c.;e thort! 

eight hundred and twelve, an 

Independence of the Unit 

thirty sixth, 
(signed) JAMES I 

Bu the Presi . 



(Signed) 



JAMES MONE i 

Si <■. 



The yeas and nays, on the final passage of 
the foregoing bill, shall be given in our nest 
number of the War. 



On the 20th June general Bloomfield, 
mander of the i'oits in die E 
York, announced the dec!.. Wat 

the following : 

"GENERAL ORDERS. H I-Qi rtcrs. 
20th June, 1812. General Blooh 
nounccs to the Troi 
by the United States again 
By order 

R. II. MACPIIE 



THE WAR. 



No. 2. 



Commodore Rodgers immediately got un- 
der way, having under his command the Fri- 
gates Preside nt, United States, and Congress, 
the sloops Hornet and Argus. He was over 
the bar before five o'clock in the afternoon, 
and proceeded to sea, in quest, as was sup- 
posed, of the British frigate Belvidcra, and 
sloop of war Tartarus, which were, for some 
days, blockading our port and ci.pturing our 
shipping. It is however probable that the 
Pirates received such early notice of their in- 
tended fate as enabled them to effect a timely 
escape. This supposition, very probable in 
itself, receives strength from the following 
paragraph which appeared in the Columbian 
of the 25th ultimo. 

" It is undoubtedly a fact, that dispatch- 
boats with information have been s_ent off to 
t\ie British vessels which were ctttisiner off 
the harbor, since the declaration of war. By 
whom they were sent off, it is not necessary 
at present to mention. But this much may, 
and ought to be said — that if it was done by 
an American citizen, he has committed trea- 
son by the laws of the United States, and de- 
serves, and may receive, a hanging for it. 
There is no suspicion, however, entertained, 
that such an infamous act has been done by 
any American. As it has therefore-been the 
act of the subjects of the king of England, 
whether they are in or out of office, the act is 
a violation of the hospitality which tolerates 
their residence in our city, and cuts loudly 
upon the constituted authorities to put the 
laws immediately in force against alien ene- 
mies, and to rid the city of spies, or at least of 
such as disgrace their character by acting in 
so infamous a capacity." ^ 

Tne commodore, in an address tAkcrew 
When'tfic coimlry 'required Uicif'ser^^3. If, 
said he, there are any of you unwilling to risk 
your lives with me, say so, and you shall be 
paid off and discharged. Every man huzza'd, 
and said they Would stand or fall with the 
commodore. 

On Sunday arrived at Governor's Island 
upwards of eighty of the finest recruits yet 
received at this rendezvous, enlisted at Hud- 
son, and drilled by major Backus and ensign 
M'Clelland. They are a credit to the service 
and to the officers by whom they were raised 
and disciplined. 



For the War. 
The " crisis" has arrived. Forbearance, no 
longer possible, has been succeeded by a dif- 
ferent policy. A war, hitherto waged only on 
one side, must now be reciprocated with a 
bravery and constancy that will determine, 
what party can do the other most harm. Every 
political contention must give way to a gene- 
ral support of government. Every difference, 
as to the expediency of resisting injustice by 
war, must now cease, because, ive are at war. 
The Rubicon is passed ; patriotism must be 
inspired, bravery excited, "liberty must be 
the object of undivided care," as the salvation 
of our country, free and independent, will be 
the reward of united virtue. Every effort to 
depress the genius of the land must be re- 
pressed, because it tends to encourage an ene- 
my who calculates on our divisions." Indiffer- 
ence must be discouraged, because it is conta- 
gious — Enemies to our cause must find no 
resting place on our soil. « He that is not for 



us is against us :" this must be our maxim and ' 
political touchstone. Submission to inciden- 
tal evil and concurrence in the will of the ma- 
jority will tend, more than arms, to hasten a 
happy period to our just appeal. 

Our territory will not be invaded, because 
the invading army, if even loyal to their mas- 
ters, must be cut offend defeated. Our ene- 
my may venture to distress or destroy our 
cities, but the attempt would be the most des- 
perate effort of a distracted foe : success 
must be extremely doubtful, and the desertion 
or mutiny of their enslaved, impressed sea- 
men, almost certain. What ! approach the 
coast, cast anchor in the havens of a free 
country ; attempt the bombardment of a city 
with a fleet composed of forty thousand Irish 
seamen who have been forced into the ser- 
vice ; bombard our cities with ten thousand 
American citizens who have been dragged 
into slavery ; with Irishmen who have been 
torn from their families and connections while 
peaceably pursuing their voyage in quest of 
peace and liberty ? Is it on the manufacturers 
of England, who have enlisted because they 
were starving, that dependence can be placed ? 
If ever the attempt should be made, and it is 
consistent with British rashness to suppose 
that it will, the oppressed seamen will, in jus- 
tice to themselves, answer it, not by pointing 
the cannon against those who never offended 
them, but by a just retaliation on their oppres- 
sors. The mutiny of the Nore is not yet for- 
gotten, nor the weakness of submitting to a 
sanguinary government which could not for- 
give Parker, the unfortunate adviser of that 
submission. The late and frequent deserti 
from British vessels of war, when lying 
our waters, are known to all ; they will sef 

to theTcrews ofSriOsh ships. 

We will have few opportunities to punish 
the ruffian, if we are destined to wait his ap- 
proach. Piracy is become part of his system 
and if he can live by it, he would therefore 
prolong the Avar to our ruin. We must in 
order to his destruction, advance on him. Wc 
must enter Canada and drive him into his fa- 
vorite element. Our privateers must be 
placed in the seaports of Holland, France, £cc. 
they must be placed in the ports of South 
America and along our own extensive coast. 
We must pounce on their merchant ships in 
every sea, and bring war to their own coast. 
Their 1200 ships of war cannot protect their 
trade, and the capture of some of our priva- 
teers will never compensate the loss they 
must suffer. We must be virtuous and refuse 
to purchase their manufactures. W r e must 
deny them the provisions necessary to supply 
their colonies and armies. We must, in fine, 
do them all the damage we can, in every way 
that is possible. We can destroy our enemy 
and must do it. 

War being now commenced, it would be 
treason against ourselves to sheath the sword 
without some better security than frothy pro- 
fessions or paper engagements. A peace 
that would leave Britain in possession of Ca- 
nada would be worse than war. A Bmuggler, 
a pirate, a mai -stealer, a corrupter of the .mo- 
rals of our citizens, a hirer ol spies with a 
view to our injury in time of peace, a fomenter 
of Indian hostilities, a violator of our neutral 
rights, a subverter of the laws of nations, a 
government of despots and aristocrats, a gov- 
ernment whose jiunicajidcs is become prover- 



bial ; such certainly is not, will not, and can- 
not be a good or safe neighbor. Canada itself 
groans under its oppression and is ready to 
vomit him into the sea. 

These projects are not wild, these anticipa- 
tions not improbable. They must be the re- 
sult of a virtuous unanimity that will render 
bravery efficient. So clear is this, that a cer- 
tainty of its existence would draw from proud 
land, as respects America, a charte 
blanche. FRANKLIN. 



PUBLIC INDIGNATION. 

Mr. Wagner, the editor of the Baltimore 
Federal Republican, having inserted a para- 
graph which seemed to the people of that city 
to, smell too much of Anglo-politics, and 

i ich, among other mater, contained the fol- 
ov/ing : 

We mean to represent in as strong colors as we 

re capable, that it [the war] is unnecessary, inexpe- 
dient, and entered into from partial, personal, and as 
we believe, motives bearing' upon their front marks of 
undisguised foreign influence which cannot be mista- 
ken. We mean to use every means of constitutional 
argument and every legal means to render as odious 
aflid auspicious to the American people, as they de- 
serve to be, the patrons and contrivers of lliis highly 
impolitic ar.d dectructive war, in the fullest persuasion, 
tb'at we shall be supported and ultimately applauded 
by nine tenths of our countrymen, and that our silence 
would be treason to them." 

The people proceeded on Monday evening 
the 22d to Mr. Wagner's office, which they 
razed to the ground, destroying all the types 
and printing materials. 

" This morning, in consequence of three or four 
i having straggled from tiieir work and returned, 
tain Porter called all hands again, and addressed 



if any mar. was unwilling to continue in the^ser- 
», be would give in his name and receive his dis- 
charge ; to which the crew, as before, replied with 
three unanimous cheers. Shortly after, he ordered up 
the men in their respective gangs, and tendered them 
the oatii of allegiance, which was cheerfully taken 
by every man on board excepting Irvin, who refused 
and declared himself an Englishmen. Upon this, the 
petty officers and crew of the ship requested permis- 
sion to inflict severe corporal punishment on the of- 
fepder, which the captain, with his characteristic hu- 
manity, refused, and the man was discharged. The 
crew, however, did not put him on shore until they 
id furnished him with a coat of old fashioned van- 
kee manufacture, with appropriate labels, in which he 
appeared in our streets; where he excited so much 
curiosity thatihe police interfered and took charge of 
him to prevent a riot." 



Mr. Mitchell, ed tor of an English paper in Savan- 
nah, («' eorgia) on the 5th June was taken by his in- 
dignant fellow citizens, carried to a neighboring street- 
pump, and there refresh. d with a very liberal ablu- 
We have not hearo that any of his ar.irlo filth 
v as washed away in the process ; but if it sti'i remain*, 
the man n ust be incorrif ible, for he certainly under- 
went a most intolerable ducking. H'aiehmau. 

NOBLE EXAMPLE. 

Hancock, May 20, 1812. 

Messrs. Hills — I have to inform you, that 
the patriotic William C. Bel ding (late repre- 
sentative of the town of Swsr.zy) has enlisted 
\i. the Army of, the United States at Keene, 
where I have a rendezvous opened, which 
1 romises success. 1 nave only to add, that 
M>\ Beldingis a man of independent circum- 
stanci-s, and a man in v\:.om even his political 
enemies canno! find a blemish. 

Respecualiv vrmrs, Sec. 

M II. Pat. JAMES WELLS] 



Vol. 1. 



THE WAP. 



THE WAR. 



NEW-YORK : 

SATURDAY MORNING, JULY A, 1812. 



hing of die means for carrying < 

florts, it c rtions, 

and it enfeebles that courage and i nterprise i 

nary in all its strength to come their 

Unci-. 



FOURTH DAY OF JULY. 
Tlie celebrations of the anniversaries of import 
remarkable eras have always been favourable to the 
stability of the systems connected \. ith them 
vice and error have partly owed their duration k> the 
enthusiasm created by anniversary celebrations. 
"glorious and immortal memory" of a William, • 
birth-day ode of a George or a Napoleon, have ; 
not only useful but necessary to continue the dyi i 
kings, who acquired power by usurpation or ex- 
it with tyranny. Properly considered, the eel 
tion of revolutions, which transferred slaves from ( ne 
master to another, were but mementos of the de 
tion of mankind, and were, except to a few unj 
pled individuals, but motives for grief, rescntnx 
despair. Not so with the day which made man 
and declared him a sovereign; not that k 
sovereignty which degrades the sovereign by r 
ing him a tyrant, but that which declares ti 
preme sovereignty rests in the pop!'.' ; not thai 
reignty which renders the laws of a fe\7 impel a 
the whole, but that which gives to the sovereign-people 
the po «\ ;• of legislating for themselves. Such . 
commenced on the fourth day of July 5 
Man, on that day, threw on his trammels. In the ] :e- 
sence of an approving God, he stood < --"-ect : the 

lered, kings trembled, and subjects said "'tis 
Well!" Such an era truly merits eternal comn 
ration ; the present day brings to mind the giorio 
forts by which man was then emancipated. On 
nary occasions the anniversary would desen 
highest honors ; now, when we arc in the comn 
ment of a new struggle, with tl:e same motive a 
same stake, why can measure the devotion with >• 
it should be honored? who can set bounds to ; 
thusiasm that should inspire the citizen ? The . 
rations, every where announced, correspond will 
occasion ; all seem to unite in reverencing the 
and we have only to hope that no enemy to the n 
rights of man ill ever dare to decry a custom * 
-'■■ -v •■■■ ! : i h-s.-' i ' f ' 



Public Indignation. 

Under this head, we have detailed some instances 
Wherein the people have summaril) punished the sus- 
pected adherents of tlie ciany .- We are not c.i this 
account, to be suspected of abetting mobs ; on the 
contrary, we shall, in our editorial department, en- 
deavour to' repress every expression of the public 
feeling, which, in its excess of zeal, would overleap 
the bounds of the law. The columns of tlie War shall 
be devoted to no party; "all federalists, all republi- 
cans," we acknowledge no name but that of American. 
The acts of individuals and of bodies, shall be record- 
ed without partiality; loyalty and royalty shall be 
equally exposed, the one to public praise, the of. < r 
to public censure ; but, in this last instance, punish- 
ment must be legally inflicted, as true loyalty consists 
in a voluntary subordination to th< se rules an 
ims which are defined by statutes or established by 
the known usages of war. We cannot however but 
allow that the impulse, which first led the people to 
transgress the raw, is less censurable than it would 
be in its continuance, and that those, who by their in- 
discretion or disloyalty have provoked public resent- 
ment, bear a la: - ge portion of the blame due to popular 
excess. V. hope that the constituted autho- 

rities will not merely extend their p >wer to the sup- 
pression of riots, but will exti< :se the utmost extent 
bf the law against those who, by encouragement or 
connivance, dispil it the citizen or give hop< s t , the 
enemy. The following from the Boston I 
vcv> sentiments no to e departed from i 
which tries men's souls," when h 

than half en imperious, when 

" c strong pull, a fci;; her" should 

be the common rule of action the common dul) of 
the citi 

"A man "mayaid, comfort and assist the enei 
the United State*" by other ways thai .. tu carry- 
ing to them provisions or n 
play ii' <\ ■ utterai ol 

would promise them assistance o;> their 1: 
which seems to evince more am 
their success than our turn, is equivalent t 



The most probable account of the destination of the 
- i 
ined in the following i ,-., Captain I 

We pi 

which we h I of which we believe are u 

hi war pari i i , I oui 

just, our means so competent, and our patriotism so 
genera], that no fear can b final 

event. If there should he I . 1 gain 

mat y, and we will certainly gain the last. 

New-York, Jinie 26. 

Capt. Lester, of . Chief, from Madeira, 

has fun Iditiunal particu- 

b ! Jamaica fleet", u hich l.e 1, ft at noon 
on the iSth inst. and on Tuesday the 22d, at half past 
3 o'clo morning, Sandys Hook bearing "W N. 

W, distance 32 leagues, capl in Lester fell in with our 
squadron, under the command ofoomi 

The Jamaica fleet v. as convoyed by one 28 gun fri- 
gate, and the Reindeer brig of 13 guns, with one of 
the fleet in tow, v hich had icst ucr foremast that morn- 
ing in a squall by which several other ships in tlie fleet 
had been d 

The frigate had forty sick men on the doctor's list, 
and the surgeon was amongst the nun 

Our fleet was steering S. !',. u hen capt. Lester spoke 
them. After receiving- h's information, they altered 
their course, and stood E.N, E. under a press o;' sail, 
with a fair wind. 

A few days before capt. L. spoke the fleet, a pi 
them had separated for Halifax, and two for*New York 
The remainder were left lying too, repairing damages. 

Norfolk, Jane 4. 

First Prisoner. A stranger by the name of iiilkin- 

loti arrived in town last week and put up at the 1! -lush 

Consul's. He was understood to be a British o 

ough he was habited as a private gentleman, Xo 

'.ice, however, was taken of the circumstai i , unl I 

last : when, as the nu- il 

Hampton, he was observed making his way with un- 
common speed and circumspection along the back- 
street which leads from the British Consul's to tlie 
wharf where the mail boat lay, when he sprang on 
board, darted into the cabin, and in a few seconds the 
boat was tinder wav. This precipitate retreat awak- 
ened suspicion in some of our leatling citizens, that 
Wilkinson would lose no time in communicating the 
news of tlie declaration to a British man of war, 
known to be hovering on our const A boat from the 
Nat y Yard and another from Fort Nelson were as soon 
?s possible dispatched after the mail boat, which they 
overtook, when Mr. WilkinstnWHS taken and conduct- 
ed to the Navy Yard, where he will be detained as a 
prisoner until further orders. We understand he is a 
captain in the iioyal Marines. Herald. 



Tin-.t Prize. Tlie schooner Patriot, J. A. Drown 
master, from Guadaloupe bound to Halifax, v. *.- a 
valuable cargo of sugar, taken by the revenue cutter 
Jefferson, v. m, master, arrived here yester- 

day. Norfolk Herald, 26th June. 



The British government have officially denied the 
instigating of Indians to make war on tlie United 
States : citizens! read the I 

lixtractof a letterfrom the post-master in Erie, to a gen- 
tleman in Washington, ([Pa.) di 
Erie, 
"This day his majesty's ship Qui 
22 guns, passed I ith, INDIANS." 



It is a memorable circumstance that the act ol 
gress declaring War i 

ed on rsary of the Battle of Bunker-Hill, 

which was fought on the 17th of June, 1775. 

P ; IRIPT. 
Captain Dnggan, of the brig Twins, from Ten 
spoke, on th i 27th .Ti Live Oak, ca] 

lea, 4o days from m Ubes for 1 I -pt S. 

had fallen in with the American squadron, 



>ih June, in long. 
and \vt 

I 
spoken on the 29lh. They had not ma 



PATRIOTISM. 

_ Tlrej Ipliia having it under con- 

' build a .' -, ai '1 loan 

United 

■ that purpose, 
plied to '. ■ s Mr. Jacob (icrard Koch, aj 
wholi .Titten largely, and is personally deeply 

interestoi in the return of many ves 
What tlii k you was the answer of '.his right v 

. by truly he subscribed ji 
'<""»t ai i said, " grift, but if 

it is intended to loan the ship, i 
war fflj t government." I). P 



A vi • in Town-Meeting at West-Caml 

on Thursday last, 

•.t, and i ■ their 

nay to ;' ' ■«« dollars per month. i' . 
man ol ivc to each volunteer, 



addition. 



Pat. 



At a Town-Meeting in Roxbury, the 22d ul 

town vc.'xfl to make the payment of each m 

ed by nftk-r of tl e President of csjtf- 

, ■■ nil when call d inl 
Ten cl 'liars of which sum to be advanced b 
march. ,'£. 

We a I that a number of individuals, repub- 

licans of the town of Newton, h ■ allow 

lual who may vplufiteer, or be draft 

serve I. j country at this momentous crisis, a b 

of/o7«r dollars /fly cento per man, and other remnne- 

g the draft from one company, 

required, about twenty -five volunti 

their services. Jb. 



lira of all p-rticr 

lie! i •. met '. ; n ; r for 
nising t''cui>. Ives into a body to defend and sup-port 
the peace of die city durin; ice of the \oung 

men who may be required by law into the service of 
the country. ft. 

A company is about to be organized and completely 
armed. ;.: Cincinnati consisting of such citizens as are 
exempted from military duty on account of 
I situatiot s, and i minis- 

ters of the gospel of dill n nt denominations. ,; 
objects is the defence of the adjacent frontier in case 
of emergency. .Muskingum Jilessein :r. 

At Lexington, (K.) May 50, the receipts of tiie 
Theatre far thai >n advertised to be s 

priuted towards the purchase of at ition, 

camp equipage, and baggi for the con- 

cc and comfort of the volu teir march 

to Canada. 

TO t ' FONDENTS. 

We have reeeivi < ; a requ* si to publish the alien act, 
for the direction of those v ho, at ti is important 
ace desirous to become citizens. We defer a c 
ance with the wish of our c« -: • | 
suit of a proposition, on that subject, now before Con- 
gress, shall be known. 

A communication, respecting alien enemies, is for 
e reason, deferred. 

ily crowded out: 
a as possib 
ewith"Ca "! ir: '^ feuds may be 

i our o| inion, be dj 
nt. We doubt whether Cato wot 
tin.c 1: . us; at present his prim 9 

are it i ' V 

ns not conn itb.] ar- 

ly. 

'.our 
. . how- 



THE WAR. 



Xo. 2. 



POETICAL DEPARTMENT. 



From the Columbian. 

AN ODE FOIt THE BRAVE. 

Hark '. the drum — the bugle sounds \ 
House to arms, ye spirits brave ! 

Hark — the warning notes resound ; 
See, the signal banners wave ! 

Hearts that feel, and breasts that glow, 

'Tis jour country bids you rise ; 
Yours the glory — yours the foe — 

liaise your Eagle to the skies ! 
Yes ! no more by cobwebs bound, 

Shall her wings be vainly spread : 
She shall scorn to creep the ground ] 

She shall now exalt her head ! 

Proudly she ascends the sky, 
In a blaze of wrath renew 'd : 

11 her shafts e'er cease to fly, 
Till her iocs are all subdu'd > 

Lightning from her eye shall dart, ' 
Sweeping o'er the swelling- flood, 

i he shall pierce the Lion's heart — 
She shall drink the bullock's blood ! 

ien ! on the briny waves, 

Where » e've suffered much and long* • 
'Where our brethren groan as slaves — 

There will we avenge the wrong ! 
Iieroes ! on the blood-sta'm'd soil, 

Where our fathers fought of old ; 
There will we renew the toil — 

There erect the standard bold ! 

Lo ! its banners now appear ! 

To that standard then repair ; 
Far away be dastard fear ; 

Form a breasted bulwark there ! 

For our sweethearts — children — wives, 

Let us rally in our might ; 
For our liberty and lives, 

Let us join the glorious fight ! 

Is there one — a milky heart, [9k 

CiuAUing at the thought of death**^" 

Shrinking from a valiant part, 
To prolong a puny breath ? 

Go, then, coward ! slave, retire ! 

Thou shalt forfeit virtue's smile; 
Cold contempt — unblest desire, 

Shall reward inglorious toil ! 

Hearts that beat at honor's call, 
Feeling for your country's woe — 

Join the contest, one and all ; 
Hurl your thunders on the foe \ 

Like a mighty torrent roll, 

Waters which combine their force— 
Who shall then the wrath control >. 

Can the feeble stem its course ? 

O ! the laurels that are spread 

O'er the fallen hero's grave j 
And the tears by virtue shed,. 

In remembrance of the brave ! 

O ! for beauty's virgin smile, 
Which returning victor's meet ! 

Sacred wreaths for glorious toii ! 
These are inspirations sweet ! 

Sons of Freedom ! march away ! 

Valor pants with ev'ry breath — 
Burns impatient for the fray: 

Now for VICTORY or 'DEATH! 



Ji:r,t—lZ\2. 



ZEPIIRI. 



The spirit of seventy-six animates our na- 
tion from north to south, from east to west — 
The conflicting sentiments, which an honest 
difference of opinion created, have nearly 
riven place to a general desire, that, war be- 
ing declared) all should unite in su/ifiort of the 
government and laws. A few enemies of our 
country, or pensioners of our enemy, may dare 
to be disloyal : but let such lake care that pub- 



lic indignation may not anticipate that regular 
course of justice which would certainly punish 
the treason. The files of late papers are so 
filled with instances of loyalty and a disposi- 
tion to serve the common cause, that we can- 
not, without deferring the details which our, 
subscribers expect, give them all a place, and 
we feel disposed to avoid it, lest, in the mass 
of loyalty, we should neglect noticing any ; 
some few recent instances will be noticed, and 
a general attention given to those that will 
hereafter occur. The enlistments for the new 
army are probably completed. 

By returns into the War Office, to the first 
of June, it appears, that SEVENTEEN 
THOUSAND MEN had been recruited for 
the New Army. 

The quota, ordered to be drafted from the 
militia, have, with a few exceptions, been sup- 
plied by volunteers ; and, in many instances, 
those who voluntarily offered to serve, have 
exceeded the number required — whole com- 
panies and battalions have volunteered, and an 
instance occurred, where the officer, having 
before commencing a ballot, called on those 
who wished voluntarily to serve, to " step for- 
ward," the entire regiment was seen to ad- 
vance. 



The following from the Philadelphia Free- 
man's Journal, a decided Federal paper, 
breathes American sentiments, and reflects 
honor on the patriotic editor. 

" The period which we have, from the most 
pure and disinterested motives, so long and so 
deeply deplored, has at last arrived. WAR 
against Great Britain and her dependences, 
has been solemnly declared by the constituted 
authorities of the United States. Calculating 
largely on the native patriotism of the citizens 
of the United States, the government has taken 
a bold attitude. They have not been mista- 
ken. One species of opposition ceased from 
the moment the declaration of war was receiv- 
ed. War is declared. Duty will now impel 
every citizen, without distinction of party, to 
obey ; and honor, and patriotism, and love of 
country, [for toe know no country on earth but 
America'] will now steel every honest heart 
and nerve every arm, to support our country 
through her present difficulties, and bring the 
present war in which she is engaged to a pros- 
perous, honorable and speedy issue. To do 
this, the war must be carried on with vigor 
and activity, commensurate with the expecta- 
tions of the people. If any foreign nation 
has, for a moment, indulged a belief that they 
could /ireftt by political divisions in this coun- 
try, they will now be convinced, that such a 
belief was fire/iosterous, and. that it must be 
abandoned forever. Political parties and dis- 
tinctions, however, will not, and ought not, to 
cease. They are often carried to excess, but 
they are not without their use, and, we believe, 
are, in a degree, necessarily essential to the 
very existence of freedom. 

While we make the above declaration, 
which the exigencies of the times have neces- 
sarily called forth, (and we know we speak the 
sentiments of the political party to which we 
belong) Ave never will surrender our birth- 
right — the privilege of speaking, writing, and 
publishing strictures on men and measures. 
Whether in a state of war, or a state of peace, 
we shall print and publish and speak as we 
think proper, holding ourselves amenable, as 



heretofore, to the laws. We also intend to vote 
just as we please, at the elections." 

Mr. William Hall, of Medford near Boston, 
a young midshipman in the sen ice, obtained 
a furlough, about eighteen months ago, and 
saHed on a voyage to the North-west coast of 
/ Qierica ; from v.hei ce he proceeded to Can- 
ton, and took passage home in the Enterprize, 
h arrived at this port last Sunday after- 
i:(o;i. When boardea off the Hook, under- 
standing that way had been declared by his 
coir, try against Great Britain, he immediately 
left the Enterprize and went on board the Pre- 
sident and offered his services as a volunteer, 
which were accepted, and he has proceeded 
with commodore Rodgers on his cruise. 

Can the Americans carry on War ? Three State*, 
in time of peace, have made, in one year, 417,659 
pounds of 

SALT PETRE. 
The following is a statement of the Salt Petre an- 
nually made in the caves of the United States, extracted 
from returns of manufactures by marshals : 

Virginia, lbs. 59.175—59,175 

Kentucky— Barren Co. 18,200 

Clarke 1,500 

Christain 250 

Cumberland 6,223 

Estill 19,937 

Fleming ] 13 

Floyd 5,515 

Greenup 7,790 

Grayson 1,353 

Henderson 2,260 

Knox 10,105 

Montgomery 44,575 
Ohio 900 

Pulaski 459 

Rockcastle 7,390 

f Wayne 51,785 

D^ Washington _ >lCi 

Warren ~ 22,850 






201 937 

East Tennessee, 

Green Co. val. dolls. 780 C 

Campbell 2,133 £ a CtS ' 

West Ten.— Jackson lbs. 5,000 
Smith 10000 

White 29,695 

Warren 100,000 

144,395 



Total pounds 



417,659 



MUNITIONS OF WAR. 

The state of New-York possesses, of its own public 
pAperty, under the superintendence of that rigid and 
experienced inspector, commissary M'Lean, the fol- 
lowing articles, in excellent order, of the best approved 
quality, and ready for use at one hour's notice : 

136 brass cannon, from 2 to 18 pounders, mounted 
on flying, field, park and bedded carriages. 

14,800 muskets, new, with accoutrements complete. 

83 pieces of iron garrison ordnance, mounted. 

16 heavy iron pieces, on travelling carriages, with 
h'.rness complete. 

300,000 musket cartridges, with ball. 

Shot and other ammunition for the different species 
of cannon. 

Mortars, shells, and rifles. 

9 arsenals in the eastern and western districts, be- 
sides the arsenal and magazine at Albany, and die 
aisenal and magazine in this city, and Fort Richmond, 
on Staten-lsland. 

Besides contracts, improvements and additions con- 
tinually progressing. 

We are happy to perceive the recruiting business 
commenced in different parts of New-England, and 
marked with that success which has attended it in 
other sections of die country. 



&'. Woodworth l? Co. Printers, 
473 Pearl-street. 



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